Terms used to describe homosexuality have gone through many changes since the emergence of the first terms in the midth century. In English, some terms in widespread use have been sodomiteSapphicUranianhomophilelesbiangaytwo-spiritand same-sex attracted.
Some of these words are specific to women, some to men, and some can be used of either. Gay people may also be identified under the umbrella terms queer and LGBT.
Homosexual was coined in Academia continues to coin related terms, including androphilia and gynephilia which designate only the object of attraction, thus divorcing the terms from sexual orientation entirely.
Numerous slang terms exist for homosexuals or homosexuality. Some communities have cantsa rich jargon used among a subgroup almost like a secret language, such as Polari in the U. The term homosexual can be used as an adjective to describe the sexual attractions and behaviors of people attracted to the same sex.
Author and gay pioneer Quentin Crisp said that the term should be "homosexualist," adding that no one says "I am a sexual. Even if they do not consider the term offensive, some people in same-sex relationships may object to being described as homosexual because they identify as bisexualpansexualor another orientation.
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In particular, the description of individuals as homosexual may be offensive, partially because of the negative clinical association of the word stemming from its
Rictor noton myth modern homosexual adoption in describing same-sex attraction as a pathological state before homosexuality was removed from the American Psychiatric Association 's list of mental disorders in Same-sex oriented people seldom apply such terms to themselves, and public officials and agencies often avoid them.
For instance, the Safe Schools Coalition of Washington's Glossary for School Employees advises that gay is the "preferred synonym for homosexual",  and goes on to suggest avoiding the term homosexual as it is "clinical, distancing, and archaic". However, the term homosexual and homosexuality is sometimes deemed appropriate in referring to behavior although same-sex is the preferred adjective.
Using homosexuality or homosexual to refer to behavior may be inaccurate but does not carry the same potentially offensive connotations that using homosexual to describe a person does. When referring to people, homosexual is considered derogatory and the terms gay and lesbian are preferred.
Some have argued that homosexual places emphasis on sexuality over humanity, and is to be avoided when describing a person. Gay man or lesbian are the preferred nouns for referring to people, which stress cultural and social matters over sex. The New Oxford American Dictionary says that "gay" is the preferred term.
People with a same-sex sexual orientation generally prefer the terms gay, lesbian, or bisexual.
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The most common terms are gay both men and women and lesbian women only. Other terms include same gender loving and same-sex-oriented.
Among some sectors of gay sub-culture, same-sex sexual behavior is sometimes viewed as solely for physical pleasure instead of romantic. Men on the down-low or DL may engage in covert sexual activity with other men while pursuing sexual and romantic relationships with women.
Terms used to describe homosexuality...
The choice of terms regarding sexual orientation may imply a certain political outlook, and different terms have been preferred at different times and in different places. Historian and philosopher Michel Foucault argued that homosexual and heterosexual identities didn't emerge until the 19th century.
Prior to that time, the terms described practices and not identity. Foucault cited Karl Westphal 's famous article Contrary Sexual Feeling as the "date of birth" of the categorization of sexual orientation.
In his Symposiumthe ancient Greek philosopher Plato described through the character of the profane comedian Aristophanes three sexual orientations, [ example needed ] and provided explanations for their existence using an invented creation myth.
Most of the Symposium' s speeches are intended to be flawed in different ways, with the wise Socrates coming in at the end to correct their errors. Although this term refers to a specific sex act between women today, in the past it was commonly used to describe female-female sexual love in general, and women who had sex with women were called Tribads or Tribades.
As author Rictor Norton explains:. The tribaslesbian, from Greek tribeinto rub i. The tribade was the most "Rictor noton myth modern homosexual adoption" vulgar lesbian
Rictor noton myth modern homosexual adoption European texts for many centuries. Fricatricea synonym for tribade that also refers to rubbing but has a Latin rather than a Greek root, appeared in English as early as in Ben Jonson 's Volpone. Its usage suggests that it was more colloquial and more pejorative than tribade.
Variants include the Latinized confricatrice and English rubster. Though sodomy has been used to refer to a range of homosexual and heterosexual " unnatural acts ", the term sodomite usually refers to a homosexual male even though the real meaning is of unreproductive sex. The modern association with homosexuality can be found as early as AD 96 in the writings of the Jewish historian Josephus.
Lesbian writer Emma Donoghue found that the term lesbian with its modern meaning has been in use in the English language from at least the 17th century.
The epic poem by William KingThe Toastuses "lesbian loves" and "tribadism" interchangeably: Named after the Greek poet Sappho who lived on Lesbos Island and wrote love poems to women, this term has been in use since at least the 18th century, with the connotation of lesbian.
Ina London magazine described sex between women as "Sapphic passion". The adjective form Sapphic is no longer commonly used in the English language, but has started to once again gain traction in the millennial LGBT community.
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Today, pederasty refers to male attraction towards adolescent boys,  or the cultural institutions that support such relations, as in ancient Greece.
The word homosexual translates literally as "of the same sex", being a hybrid of the Greek prefix homo- meaning "same" as distinguished from the Latin root homo meaning human and the Latin root sex meaning "sex". The pamphlet was written by Karl-Maria Kertbenybut published anonymously. It advocated the repeal of Prussia 's sodomy laws. The first known use of homosexual in English is in Charles Gilbert Chaddock 's translation of Richard von Krafft-Ebing 's Psychopathia Sexualisa study on sexual practices.
Although some early writers used the adjective homosexual to refer to any single-gender context such as an all-girls school[ citation needed ] today the term implies a sexual aspect. The term homosocial is now used to describe single-sex contexts that are not of a romantic or sexual nature. The colloquial abbreviation homo for homosexual is a coinage of the interbellum periodfirst recorded as a noun inand as an adjective in Today, it is often considered a derogatory epithet  and mainstream media outlets restrict its usage.
Popular in the s and s and still in occasional use today, particularly in writing by Anglican clergy the term homophile
Rictor noton myth modern homosexual adoption an attempt to avoid the clinical implications of sexual pathology found with the word homosexual, emphasizing love -phile instead. In Norway, the term is still widely used. Not all terms have been used to describe same-sex sexuality are synonyms for the modern term homosexuality.
Terms such as gynephilia and androphilia have tried to
Rictor noton myth modern homosexual adoption the language of sexual orientation by making no claim about the individual's own gender identity. However, they are not commonly used. In addition to the stigma surrounding homosexuality, terms have been influenced by taboos around sex in general, producing a number of euphemisms.
A gay person may be described as "that way", "a bit funny", "on the bus", "batting for the other team", "a friend of Dorothy ", or "wearing comfortable shoes" for womenalthough such euphemisms are becoming less common as homosexuality becomes more visible.
Harry Hay frequently stated that in the s—s gay people referred to themselves as temperamental. Although the word was originally synonymous with happy or cheerful, in the 20th century it gradually came to designate someone who is romantically or sexually attracted to someone of the same gender or sex. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Karl-Maria Kertbeny coined the word homosexual in this letter. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Archived from the original on February 15, Retrieved July 30, Sappho in Early Modern England: Female Same-Sex Literary Erotics, — University of Chicago Press.
A Medico-Forensic Study", Freud uses the term in "Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality" to refer to male homosexuality.
Church House Publishing, Archived from the original on 3 February Lesbiangaybisexualand transgender LGBT topics.
Gender identities Sexual identities Sexual diversities. Asexual Bisexual Heterosexual Homosexual. Gender and Sexual Diversity Erotic target location error Gender roles Human female sexuality Human male sexuality Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures Intersex Hermaphrodite.
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Look up tribadism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Look up sodomite in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
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Look up lesbian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Look up sapphism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Look up pederast in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
The Myth of the Modern Homosexual: Queer History and the Search for Cultural Rictor Norton presents the evidence that queers are part of a centuries old. styles of presentation adopted by archives and museums. 'Queer is .
The Myth of the Modern...
17 Rictor Norton, The Myth of the Modern Homosexual: Queer History and the Search. Terms used to describe homosexuality have gone through many changes since the emergence orientations, and provided explanations for their existence using an invented creation myth. As author Rictor Norton explains: The modern association with homosexuality can be found as early as AD 96 in the writings of.
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Terms used to describe homosexuality have gone through many changes since the emergence of the first terms in the midth...
Rictor noton myth modern homosexual adoption
With careful reasoning supported by wide-ranging scholarship, this study exposes the fallacies of 'social constructionist' theories within lesbian and...
Rictor noton myth modern homosexual adoption
Rictor noton myth modern homosexual adoption
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Had an incredible date that was more special than most, now what? Goldbloom, Rictor Norton, and the anonymous reviewers at 2 See, for a representative sample, Rictor. Norton, The myth of the modern homosexual, England should adopt the same stance on homosexuality as other European states. Writings on Gay History and Literature by Rictor Norton. Most modern Indians firmly believe that homosexuality is a decadent .. since then, 'blood brotherhood ' and 'collateral adoption' 'have become the .. Conner, Randolph P. Lundschen, David Hatfield Sparks and Mariya Sparks, Encyclopaedia of Queer Myth..
Queer theory, a subject of much controversy among academics and literary critics in recent decades, raises crucial questions regarding the reception and creation of literary texts.
Literary works traditionally seen as expressions of their authors' feeling or presence, as is the case with lyric poems, must now be reconceived as political discourse. Queer theory is by no means universally accepted—its critics include such well-known scholars as Rictor Norton b. For some, this legitimizes homosexuality by classifying it as a variant of the same forces that produce heterosexuality. Homosexuality can be seen as created and imposed by the culture rather than as something chosen.
The same conclusions, however, can be used to marginalize gay writings by making them seem merely one of many lesser discourses in the complexities of human sexual expression. The plays of Tennessee Williams — would accordingly have less direct significance for heterosexuals than the plays of Arthur Miller b. Queer theory may bestow certain privileges and vindications, but it also marginalizes gay writing.
Another divisive issue has involved the question of whether lesbians and gay men should be categorized as part of the same social and political reality.
Terminology of homosexuality
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